Development of Multi-sensory Neurofeedback Environment via Brain-Computer interface

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The published Master dissertation available on


Recent work has attempted to clarify the benefits of neurofeedback therapy and multisensory environments under meditation. Since that time wearable brain control interfaces, LED technology including screen resolution, wireless and advancements in the public market have emerged. These developments continue to change the terrain of a more effective human-computer interaction. The clinical electroencephalogram equipment is becoming more available on the market, which enables cheaper and easier research in a currently narrow field such as neurofeedback meditation. Nowadays, the uses of neurofeedback applications are required deep knowledge in the field. Therefore, one of the aims of the proposed project, is to make this technology simple for non-technical persons and develop a meditation environment that makes Neurofeedback (NF) more user-friendly, real-time and more efficient for meditation sessions. This project is an effort to seek such improvements, having a newly available market product to experiment with a four-channel EEG headband. From the human point of view, living in the city produces stresses that can influence brain function. People try to release stress in different ways. Spas, gyms, therapeutic massage, interacting with nature are few ways to relieve stress. However, we need to consider how these feelings impact us when we see a video of nature. Also, researchers find that real-time brain feedback significantly improves relaxation practices. Therefore, this project is aimed to bring these natural sensory experiences to the meditation field through neurofeedback technology. The first part of this dissertation demonstrates that the eyes-closed and eyes-open conditions provide EEG measures differing upon sensory stimuli, such as (smelling, hearing or mental imagery) in topography as well as power levels. These differences should be recognised when evaluating event-related EEG research and considered when choosing eyes-open or eyes-closed meditation practice. The second part of this dissertation is attempting to demonstrate a multisensory neurofeedback platform, which enables usage of the available EEG device and creating a useful environment for meditators in the 21st century.




This Master research was supported by University of West London. I thank my team members from Harmonic Synesthesia limited who provided insight and expertise that greatly assisted the research, although they may not agree with all of the conclusions of this paper. I thank Sandor Varga – Spiritual researcher for assistance with research hypotheses, and Norbert Papp, developer for 3D visualizations of prototyping that greatly improved the manuscript. I would also like to show my gratitude to the Dr Jose Abdelnour-Nocera – supervisor and Rosemary Stock – researcher for sharing their knowledge with me during the dissertation of this MSc degree programme, and I would like to say a big thank you to all of my volunteers, for being my inspiration and for helping me. I am also immensely grateful to Willem Eijdems software developer and Andrea Csory essential oil expert for their support on an earlier version of the prototype.

…………..Concept Brochure available soon………………..